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New Mexico State University
Environmental Health and Safety
General H1N1 Precautions

H1N1 Guide for students, faculty & staff (source CDC)

TAKE PRECAUTIONS

To prevent the spread of H1N1 Influenza (swine or any flu), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the following precautions

  • Practice good hand hygiene by washing your hands with soap and water, especially after coughing or sneezing. Alcohol-based hand cleaners also are effective.

 

Cough and Sneeze Etiquette
Cover that sneeze

  • Practice respiratory etiquette by covering your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow or shoulder, not into your hands.  Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth; germs are spread this way.

 

  • Know the signs and symptoms of the flu. A fever is a temperature taken with a thermometer that is equal to or greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius. Look for possible signs of fever: if the person feels very warm, has a flushed appearance, or is sweating or shivering.

 

  • Stay home if you have flu or flu-like illness for at least 24 hours after you no longer have a fever (100 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius) or signs of a fever (have chills, feel very warm, have a flushed appearance, or are sweating). This should be determined without the use of fever-reducing medications (any medicine that contains ibuprofen or acetaminophen).  Don’t go to class or work.

 

  • Talk with your health care providers about whether you should be vaccinated for seasonal flu. Also if you are at higher risk for flu complications from 2009 H1N1 flu, you should consider getting the H1N1 vaccine when it becomes available. People at higher risk for 2009 H1N1 flu complications include pregnant women and people with chronic medical conditions (such as asthma, heart disease, or diabetes). For more information about priority groups for vaccination, visit www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/vaccination/acip.htm.

 

H1N1 SYMPTOMS, SEVERITY, AND EXPOSURE TO ONSET

Symptoms 2009 H1N1 flu virus?
Symptoms of H1N1 Influenza (swine flu) are similar to those of seasonal flu  They include

  • fever of greater than 100 degrees
  • cough,
  • sore throat,
  • runny or stuffy nose,
  • body aches,
  • headache,
  • chills and
  • fatigue.

A significant number of people who have been infected with this virus also have reported

  • diarrhea and
  • vomiting. 

How severe is 2009 H1N1 flu virus?
Illness with the new H1N1 virus has ranged from mild to severe. Severe illnesses and death has occurred as a result of illness associated with this virus. But most people who have been sick have recovered without needing medical treatment, hospitalizations and deaths from infection with this virus have occurred.

In seasonal flu, certain people are at “high risk” of serious complications. This includes people 65 years and older, children younger than five years old, pregnant women, and people of any age with certain chronic medical conditions. About 70 percent of people who have been hospitalized with this 2009 H1N1 virus have had one or more medical conditions previously recognized as placing people at “high risk” of serious seasonal flu-related complications. This includes pregnancy, diabetes, heart disease, asthma and kidney disease.

Exposure to on set of 2009 H1N1 flu virus?
The infectious period for confirmed cases of H1N1 Influenza (swine flu) is one day before the onset of illness and up to seven days after. As with seasonal flu, anyone with underlying chronic medical conditions may be more seriously impacted by H1N1 Influenza.