scutellata (Africanized Honeybee)
Africanized honeybees are near
identical to the European honeybees as they are a subspecies. Only an
expert can tell the two apart from microscopic measurements . However, the
aggressiveness of the Africanized honeybee is apparent when its colony is
disturbed, lending to its nickname "killer bees." When aroused they will
attack and sting any moving animal or object. They will chase individuals
for hundreds of yards and have been known to sting people and pets over
area as large as neighborhood block. Death may occur due to
allergic reactions from the larger number of stings received. It may take
hours for the Africanized bees to settle down and return to the colony.
Other honeybees will attack and sting for a few minutes and then settle
down rather quickly.
- Size: About 1/2-inch in length.
- Color: Golden-yellow with darker bands of brown. Some specimens
appear a darker brown than others.
Honeybees most often nest inside
cavities of trees, but they will also nest within caves and cracks in rock
formations. Occasionally, a colony will decide to nest inside a crawl
space, an attic, a wall void, or a chimney in a home.
honeybees are established in areas from Texas to southern California.
Colonies have also been discovered in Florida and a few other southeastern
states but these have been eradicated.
information from NMSU CAHE